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Deploying Windows 10 in an enterprise - how do I remove the pre-installed apps?

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I'm trying to deploy some Windows 10 machines at work, and need to remove or disable the pre-installed apps.

For some reason, management feels that the Xbox app and Candy Crush Soda Saga (etc.) shouldn't be installed on a corporate workstation.

We've tried uninstalling them after the fact, but they show up again for any new users logging in, which isn't acceptable. How do we really get rid of these apps from our corporate Windows 10 image?

asked Sep 6, 2016 by HopelessN00b  

3 Answers

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The easiest method I've found to actually control a Windows 10 image is to edit it with the Deployment Image Servicing and Management (DISM.exe) tool.


In short, you need to:

  1. Locate the Windows wim for the image you're deploying.

    • On a Windows 10 installation ISO, for example, the file is: \sources\install.wim
  2. Create a directory to temporarily mount the wim in.

  3. Mount the wim.

  4. Make your changes.

    • For the purposes of removing the pre-installed Windows 10 apps, there are actually three different types we need to deal with here - one classic executable, a bunch of Metro/UWP/Appx applications, and a bunch of installer shortcuts that Windows 10 forces onto the Start Menu.
    • Seems worth pointing out here that you can get a list of appx packages from the mounted WIM with DISM, if you're not sure what changes you wish to make.
  5. Commit the changes and unmount the WIM.

answered Sep 6, 2016 by HopelessN00b  
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In more detail:

  1. Locate the Windows wim.

    • I'll be downloading the latest 64 bit, Enterprise version of Windows 10 (SW_DVD5_WIN_ENT_10_1511.1_64BIT_English_MLF_X20-93758.ISO) from Micorosoft's volume licensing portal, and mounting the ISO to D:. (Be sure to mount it with read-write access, of course!)
    • This puts the wim file I want to edit at: D:\sources\install.wim. I'll assign that to a PowerShell variable.
      • $wimfile = "D:\sources\install.wim"
         
  2. Create a directory to temporarily mount the wim in.

    • I'll use C:\Temp\W10entDISM, and assign that to a PowerShell variable as well.
      • $mountdir = "C:\Temp\W10entDISM"
         
  3. Mount the wim with DISM.

    • dism.exe /Mount-Image /ImageFile:$wimfile /Index:1 /MountDir:$mountdir
       
  4. Make your changes.

    • For the purposes of removing the pre-installed Windows 10 apps, there are actually three different types we need to deal with here - one classic executable, a bunch of Metro/UWP/Appx applications, and a bunch of installer shortcuts that Windows 10 forces onto the Start Menu.
      1. The classic executable, OneDrive Installer
        • Windows 10 has an executable, OneDriveSetup.exe and registry entries to run it automatically, which I'll be eliminating, using the File System Security PowerShell Module and command line registry editor, reg.exe. Of course, this can be done manually or with other command line tools, if preferred.
        • takeown /F $mountdir\Windows\SysWOW64\OneDriveSetup.exe /A
        • Add-NTFSAccess -Path "$($mountdir)\Windows\SysWOW64\onedrivesetup.exe" -Account "BUILTIN\Administrators" -AccessRights FullControl
        • Remove-Item $mountdir\Windows\SysWOW64\onedrivesetup.exe
        • reg load HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\WIM $mountdir\Users\Default\ntuser.dat
        • reg delete "HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\WIM\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run" /v OneDriveSetup /f
      2. The installer shortcuts that Windows 10 creates on the Start Menu.
        • These are controlled by a registry key called "CloudContent", which we'll need to create and add a value to disable, when editing an install disc. If dealing with an existing install, the key would already be created.
        • reg add HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\WIM\SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Windows\CloudContent
        • reg add HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\WIM\SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Windows\CloudContent /v DisableWindowsConsumerFeatures /t REG_DWORD /d 1 /f
        • reg unload HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\WIM
      3. The Metro/UWP/Appx applications.
        • We can use the Get-AppxProvisionedPackage cmdlet to view and decide which Appx applications to remove. (Get-AppxProvisionedPackage -Path $mountdir) Importantly, not all the pre-installed Appx apps can or should be removed. As of the time of this writing, it is recommended to not uninstall the AppConnector, ConnectivityStore, and WindowsStore (their use can be disabled in other ways, if desired, but actually removing them has been reported to break things and create undesired consequences). Also worth noting that in Windows 10, the Windows Calculator is an Appx package.
        • I've elected to leave those three apps, the Windows Calculator, and the Microsoft Solitaire Collection installed, and remove everything else, so I end up running:
        • dism.exe /Image:$mountdir /Remove-ProvisionedAppxPackage /PackageName:Microsoft.BingNews_4.6.169.0_neutral_~_8wekyb3d8bbwe
        • dism.exe /Image:$mountdir /Remove-ProvisionedAppxPackage /PackageName:Microsoft.BingSports_4.6.169.0_neutral_~_8wekyb3d8bbwe
        • dism.exe /Image:$mountdir /Remove-ProvisionedAppxPackage /PackageName:Microsoft.BingWeather_4.6.169.0_neutral_~_8wekyb3d8bbwe
        • dism.exe /Image:$mountdir /Remove-ProvisionedAppxPackage /PackageName:Microsoft.BingFinance_4.6.169.0_neutral_~_8wekyb3d8bbwe
        • dism.exe /Image:$mountdir /Remove-ProvisionedAppxPackage /PackageName:Microsoft.CommsPhone_1.10.15000.0_neutral_~_8wekyb3d8bbwe
        • dism.exe /Image:$mountdir /Remove-ProvisionedAppxPackage /PackageName:Microsoft.Messaging_1.10.22012.0_neutral_~_8wekyb3d8bbwe
        • dism.exe /Image:$mountdir /Remove-ProvisionedAppxPackage /PackageName:Microsoft.MicrosoftOfficeHub_2015.6306.23501.0_neutral_~_8wekyb3d8bbwe
        • dism.exe /Image:$mountdir /Remove-ProvisionedAppxPackage /PackageName:Microsoft.Office.OneNote_2015.6131.10051.0_neutral_~_8wekyb3d8bbwe
        • dism.exe /Image:$mountdir /Remove-ProvisionedAppxPackage /PackageName:Microsoft.SkypeApp_3.2.1.0_neutral_~_kzf8qxf38zg5c
        • dism.exe /Image:$mountdir /Remove-ProvisionedAppxPackage /PackageName:Microsoft.Windows.Photos_2015.1001.17200.0_neutral_~_8wekyb3d8bbwe
        • dism.exe /Image:$mountdir /Remove-ProvisionedAppxPackage /PackageName:Microsoft.WindowsCamera_2015.1071.40.0_neutral_~_8wekyb3d8bbwe
        • dism.exe /Image:$mountdir /Remove-ProvisionedAppxPackage /PackageName:Microsoft.WindowsPhone_2015.1009.10.0_neutral_~_8wekyb3d8bbwe
        • dism.exe /Image:$mountdir /Remove-ProvisionedAppxPackage /PackageName:Microsoft.WindowsAlarms_2015.1012.20.0_neutral_~_8wekyb3d8bbwe
        • dism.exe /Image:$mountdir /Remove-ProvisionedAppxPackage /PackageName:microsoft.windowscommunicationsapps_2015.6308.42271.0_neutral_~_8wekyb3d8bbwe
        • dism.exe /Image:$mountdir /Remove-ProvisionedAppxPackage /PackageName:Microsoft.WindowsMaps_4.1509.50911.0_neutral_~_8wekyb3d8bbwe
        • dism.exe /Image:$mountdir /Remove-ProvisionedAppxPackage /PackageName:Microsoft.WindowsSoundRecorder_2015.1012.110.0_neutral_~_8wekyb3d8bbwe
        • dism.exe /Image:$mountdir /Remove-ProvisionedAppxPackage /PackageName:Microsoft.XboxApp_2015.930.526.0_neutral_~_8wekyb3d8bbwe
        • dism.exe /Image:$mountdir /Remove-ProvisionedAppxPackage /PackageName:Microsoft.ZuneMusic_2019.6.13251.0_neutral_~_8wekyb3d8bbwe
        • dism.exe /Image:$mountdir /Remove-ProvisionedAppxPackage /PackageName:Microsoft.ZuneVideo_2019.6.13251.0_neutral_~_8wekyb3d8bbwe
        • dism.exe /Image:$mountdir /Remove-ProvisionedAppxPackage /PackageName:Microsoft.Office.Sway_2015.6216.20251.0_neutral_~_8wekyb3d8bbwe
        • dism.exe /Image:$mountdir /Remove-ProvisionedAppxPackage /PackageName:Microsoft.People_2015.1012.106.0_neutral_~_8wekyb3d8bbwe
        • dism.exe /Image:$mountdir /Remove-ProvisionedAppxPackage /PackageName:Microsoft.Getstarted_2.3.7.0_neutral_~_8wekyb3d8bbwe
        • dism.exe /Image:$mountdir /Remove-ProvisionedAppxPackage /PackageName:Microsoft.3DBuilder_10.9.50.0_neutral_~_8wekyb3d8bbwe
  5. Commit the changes and unmount the WIM.

    • dism.exe /Unmount-Image /MountDir:$mountdir /commit
answered Sep 6, 2016 by HopelessN00b  
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Just teh codez:

$wimfile = "D:\sources\install.wim"
$mountdir = "C:\Temp\W10entDISM"
dism.exe /Mount-Image /ImageFile:$wimfile /Index:1 /MountDir:$mountdir

# Remove Appx Packages
    dism.exe /Image:$mountdir /Remove-ProvisionedAppxPackage /PackageName:Microsoft.BingNews_4.6.169.0_neutral_~_8wekyb3d8bbwe
    dism.exe /Image:$mountdir /Remove-ProvisionedAppxPackage /PackageName:Microsoft.BingSports_4.6.169.0_neutral_~_8wekyb3d8bbwe
    dism.exe /Image:$mountdir /Remove-ProvisionedAppxPackage /PackageName:Microsoft.BingWeather_4.6.169.0_neutral_~_8wekyb3d8bbwe
    dism.exe /Image:$mountdir /Remove-ProvisionedAppxPackage /PackageName:Microsoft.BingFinance_4.6.169.0_neutral_~_8wekyb3d8bbwe
    dism.exe /Image:$mountdir /Remove-ProvisionedAppxPackage /PackageName:Microsoft.CommsPhone_1.10.15000.0_neutral_~_8wekyb3d8bbwe
    dism.exe /Image:$mountdir /Remove-ProvisionedAppxPackage /PackageName:Microsoft.Messaging_1.10.22012.0_neutral_~_8wekyb3d8bbwe
    dism.exe /Image:$mountdir /Remove-ProvisionedAppxPackage /PackageName:Microsoft.MicrosoftOfficeHub_2015.6306.23501.0_neutral_~_8wekyb3d8bbwe
    dism.exe /Image:$mountdir /Remove-ProvisionedAppxPackage /PackageName:Microsoft.Office.OneNote_2015.6131.10051.0_neutral_~_8wekyb3d8bbwe
    dism.exe /Image:$mountdir /Remove-ProvisionedAppxPackage /PackageName:Microsoft.SkypeApp_3.2.1.0_neutral_~_kzf8qxf38zg5c
    dism.exe /Image:$mountdir /Remove-ProvisionedAppxPackage /PackageName:Microsoft.Windows.Photos_2015.1001.17200.0_neutral_~_8wekyb3d8bbwe
    dism.exe /Image:$mountdir /Remove-ProvisionedAppxPackage /PackageName:Microsoft.WindowsCamera_2015.1071.40.0_neutral_~_8wekyb3d8bbwe
    dism.exe /Image:$mountdir /Remove-ProvisionedAppxPackage /PackageName:Microsoft.WindowsPhone_2015.1009.10.0_neutral_~_8wekyb3d8bbwe
    dism.exe /Image:$mountdir /Remove-ProvisionedAppxPackage /PackageName:Microsoft.WindowsAlarms_2015.1012.20.0_neutral_~_8wekyb3d8bbwe
    dism.exe /Image:$mountdir /Remove-ProvisionedAppxPackage /PackageName:microsoft.windowscommunicationsapps_2015.6308.42271.0_neutral_~_8wekyb3d8bbwe
    dism.exe /Image:$mountdir /Remove-ProvisionedAppxPackage /PackageName:Microsoft.WindowsMaps_4.1509.50911.0_neutral_~_8wekyb3d8bbwe
    dism.exe /Image:$mountdir /Remove-ProvisionedAppxPackage /PackageName:Microsoft.WindowsSoundRecorder_2015.1012.110.0_neutral_~_8wekyb3d8bbwe
    dism.exe /Image:$mountdir /Remove-ProvisionedAppxPackage /PackageName:Microsoft.XboxApp_2015.930.526.0_neutral_~_8wekyb3d8bbwe
    dism.exe /Image:$mountdir /Remove-ProvisionedAppxPackage /PackageName:Microsoft.ZuneMusic_2019.6.13251.0_neutral_~_8wekyb3d8bbwe
    dism.exe /Image:$mountdir /Remove-ProvisionedAppxPackage /PackageName:Microsoft.ZuneVideo_2019.6.13251.0_neutral_~_8wekyb3d8bbwe
    dism.exe /Image:$mountdir /Remove-ProvisionedAppxPackage /PackageName:Microsoft.Office.Sway_2015.6216.20251.0_neutral_~_8wekyb3d8bbwe
    dism.exe /Image:$mountdir /Remove-ProvisionedAppxPackage /PackageName:Microsoft.People_2015.1012.106.0_neutral_~_8wekyb3d8bbwe
    dism.exe /Image:$mountdir /Remove-ProvisionedAppxPackage /PackageName:Microsoft.Getstarted_2.3.7.0_neutral_~_8wekyb3d8bbwe
    dism.exe /Image:$mountdir /Remove-ProvisionedAppxPackage /PackageName:Microsoft.3DBuilder_10.9.50.0_neutral_~_8wekyb3d8bbwe

# Remove OneDrive Setup 
    takeown /F $mountdir\Windows\SysWOW64\OneDriveSetup.exe /A
    Add-NTFSAccess -Path "$($mountdir)\Windows\SysWOW64\onedrivesetup.exe" -Account "BUILTIN\Administrators" -AccessRights FullControl
    Remove-Item $mountdir\Windows\SysWOW64\onedrivesetup.exe

    reg load HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\WIM $mountdir\Users\Default\ntuser.dat
    reg delete "HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\WIM\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run" /v OneDriveSetup /f

# Remove Cloud Content
    reg add HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\WIM\SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Windows\CloudContent
    reg add HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\WIM\SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Windows\CloudContent /v DisableWindowsConsumerFeatures /t REG_DWORD /d 1 /f

# Unload, Unmount, Commit
reg unload HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\WIM

dism.exe /Unmount-Image /MountDir:$mountdir /commit

You should now have an ISO and/or wim file that you can use to install Windows 10 without the added crap, or feed into your configuration/deployment management system. A screenclip of the Start Menu from a resulting OS deployment:

answered Sep 6, 2016 by HopelessN00b  
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